Cézanne, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Picasso, Signac, Matisse, Braque, Derain, Dufy… Many great names.
These famous painters all worked in Provence and loved the land that is so generous in colors, bright light, interesting subjects and attractive culture where they found their inspiration.
Cézanne and Van Gogh completed their most famous works in this area.
Born in Aix-en-Provence, Cézanne explored new ways of painting in this city and its surroundings, thus opening the door to modern styles like cubism. This tendency is particularly evident in his last series of works of Sainte-Victoire as he was perfecting his art.
Van Gogh made Arles and Saint-Rémy-de-Provence famous worldwide; the Alpilles mountain range, olive and cypress trees that are so emblematic of Provence, anticipating expressionism. He welcomed his friend Gauguin in Arles during two months and they lived together in the yellow house working on the same subjects.
Cézanne, the master of Aix attracted many other painters to the area like Picasso, who found in Provence what his native country of Spain could no longer offer him, since he could not return to his country. For example, the bullfighting culture in Arles and Nîmes reminded him of his home in Spain.
He made tributes to the land of Provence with several paintings of the amphitheatre in Arles and of his wife Jacqueline, dressed in the traditional style of the women of Arles. He chose Provence as his final resting place and is buried in his castle in Vauvenargues on the north side of Sainte-Victoire.